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What Happens During Peak Performance?

The Peak Performance Moment



When interviewing professionals in performance fields such as actors, dancers, and athletes, a common theme emerges when discussing their best performances: "Everything went the way I wanted it to," "I didn't make any mistakes," "I felt really good," "It was as if nothing else was on my mind that day."

High-performing individuals often describe their peak performance days as a stroke of luck, saying, "I was in the zone." However, when we delve into the details, we find that it's more about having an optimum energy level and effectively utilizing a set of mental, psychological, and physical skills. Knowing these characteristics and working with this awareness can offer an opportunity to improve areas where one feels lacking. Here are the attributes of being "in the zone":


  1. Relaxed: The mind is calm, and the body is ready for action. Slightly above the usual vitality level is sufficient to achieve this state.

  2. Confident: Confidence is evident in a person's posture, walk, body language, and facial expressions. Peak performance should be an expected state for the individual, not something hoped for or desired. They should trust their instincts and timing.

  3. Complete Focus: The individual needs to be completely present in the moment, without dwelling on the past or future. They should be entirely focused on "here and now," like a child playing with their toys, with nothing external interfering.

  4. Effortlessness: During peak performance, individuals often appear as if they are effortlessly doing the easiest job in the world. They execute their skills with mastery and finesse as if it were effortless.

  5. Automatic: It's as if everything is happening on its own. Thoughts or emotions don't hinder actions. There is no deliberate intention; the body moves automatically without conscious effort. The less they think during performance, the more likely this state is achieved.

  6. Enjoyment: They take pleasure in what they are doing, akin to the pure and innocent joy of playing games as a child. They can't replace the satisfaction they derive from their sport or performance with anything else. This enjoyment and pleasure are essential; if one doesn't enjoy what they're doing, peak performance becomes unattainable.

  7. Controlled: Feeling in control, regardless of the circumstances, is crucial. They believe that they are in control, that what they think and desire will come true. This sense of control is especially effective when it comes to managing emotions.

Performers in various fields can create a mental image of what they want, including reflecting on past successes. Having a clear mental image of what they are working for is crucial. With knowledge of these characteristics, performance psychologists can help individuals consistently achieve their peak performance, making it not a matter of chance but a predictable outcome.


This article was written by Filiz Kaya Ataklı in 2012 and published in various platforms.


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